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Up-Regulation of the Large-Conductance Ca2+-Activated K+ Channel by Glycogen Synthase Kinase GSK3β
Published in S. Karger AG
Volume: 39
Issue: 3
Pages: 1031 - 1039

Background/Aims: The pleotropic functions of the large conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels (maxi K+ channel or BK channels) include regulation of neuronal excitation and cell volume. Kinases participating in those functions include the glycogen synthase kinase GSK3 ß which is under negative control of protein kinase B (PKB/Akt). GSK3ß is inhibited by the antidepressant Lithium. The present study thus explored whether GSK3ß modifies the activity of BK channels. Methods: cRNA encoding the Ca2+ insensitive BK channel mutant BKM513I+Δ899-903 was injected into Xenopus laevis oocytes without or with additional injection of cRNA encoding wild-type GSK3ß, inactive K85RGSK3ß, or wild-type GSK3ß with wild-type PKB. K+ channel activity was measured utilizing dual electrode voltage clamp. Results: BK channel activity in BKM513I+Δ899-903 expressing oocytes was significantly increased by co-expression of GSK3ß, but not by co-expression of K85RGSK3ß. The effect of wild type GSK3ß was abrogated by additional co-expression of wild-type PKB and by 24 hours incubation with Lithium (1 mM). Disruption of channel insertion into the cell membrane by brefeldin A (5 µM) was followed by a decline of the current to a similar extent in oocytes expressing BK and GSK3ß and in oocytes expressing BK alone. Conclusion: GSK3ß may up-regulate BK channels, an effect disrupted by Lithium or additional expression of PKB and possibly participating in the regulation of cell volume and excitability.

About the journal
JournalCellular Physiology and Biochemistry
PublisherS. Karger AG
Open AccessYes