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The selective metabotropic glutamate receptor 7 allosteric agonist AMN082 prevents reinstatement of extinguished ethanol-induced conditioned place preference in mice
Published in
PMID: 22269296
Volume: 101
Issue: 2
Pages: 193 - 200
Alcohol dependence is considered a major public health problem in modern societies. The role for glutamatergic neurotransmission in the reinforcing effects of ethanol is becoming increasingly evident. Our previous findings have shown that in rats, the mGluR7 positive allosteric agonist AMN082, but not its allosteric antagonist MMPIP, prevented ethanol consumption and preference in the two-bottle choice paradigm. This study was conducted to determine the effects of AMN082 and MMPIP on the extinction and reinstatement of ethanol-elicited place preference (CPP) in C57BL/6 mice. AMN082 and MMPIP were administered during extinction of ethanol CPP to determine whether mGluR7 signaling is required. Furthermore, the effects of AMN082 and MMPIP on reinstatement of CPP were also evaluated. Finally, spontaneous locomotor activity and ethanol pharmacokinetics were assessed following systemic administration of AMN082 and MMPIP. Our results indicate that mGluR7 pharmacological modulation had no effect on ethanol-elicited CPP extinction. In contrast, mGluR7 activation using AMN082 reduced ethanol-induced CPP reinstatement, an effect reversed by co-administration of MMPIP. Collectively, these results indicate, for the first time, that activation of the mGluR7 receptor is effective in reducing the reinstatement of conditioned rewarding effects of ethanol. Taken together, the efficacy of AMN082 on the various phases of alcohol-CPP could represent an interesting pharmacological approach and could open a new line of research for the development of therapies to reduce ethanol intake in patients. \textcopyright 2012 Elsevier Inc.
About the journal
JournalPharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior
Open AccessNo