In this paper the design of maximally flat linear phase finite impulse response (FIR) filters is considered. The problem with using the genetic algorithm (GA) in this kind of problems is the high cost of evaluating the fitness for each string in the population. The designing of optimum FIR filters under given constraints and required criteria includes exhaustive number of evaluations for filter coefficients, and the repetitive evaluations of objective functions that implicitly constitutes construction of the filter transfer functions. This problem is handled here with acceptable results utilizing Markov random fields (MRF's) approach. We establish a new theoretical approach here and we apply it on the design of FIR filters. This approach allows us to construct an explicit probabilistic model of the GA fitness function forming what is called the "Ising GA" that is based on sampling from a Gibbs distribution. Ising GA avoids the exhaustive design of suggested FIR filters (solutions) for every string of coefficients in every generation and replace this by a probabilistic model of fitness every gap (period) of iterations. Experimentations done with Ising GA of probabilistic fitness models are less costly than those done with standard GA and with high quality solutions. © 2007.