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The angiotensin type 1 receptor antagonist valsartan attenuates pathological ventricular hypertrophy induced by hyperhomocysteinemia in rats
Kassab Salah, Garadah Taysir, Abu-Hijleh Marwan, Golbahar Jamal, , Wazir Javed,
Published in SAGE Publications
PMID: 17318789
Volume: 7
Issue: 4
Pages: 206 - 211

Introduction: Clinical and experimental studies have reported the role of homocysteine in ventricular hypertrophy. Activation of the renin-angiotensin system mediated by angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor has also been suggested to contribute to the pathogenesis of ventricular hypertrophy. There are also reports suggesting the affect of angiotensin II (Ang II) on cardiac hypertrophy is mediated by hyperhomocysteinemia. However, there is limited information on the mechanisms of the possible relationship between homocysteine and Ang II in ventricular hypertrophy. In this study we tested the hypothesis that hyperhomocysteinemia induced ventricular hypertrophy and remodelling may be mediated through activation of Ang II AT1-receptors in rats.

Methods: This study was conducted on control non-treated rats (n=13), methionine-treated rats (1.5 mg/kg/day, n=18) and methionine plus oral AT1 antagonist (valsartan, 30 mg/kg/day, n=13) treated rats for 56 days. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was determined in rats at baseline, 28 and 56 days. Echocardiography was also performed in all rats after eight weeks, and blood samples were obtained for determination of plasma tHcy. Rats were then sacrificed for histopathological and biochemical assessment of cardiac structure.

Results: The SBP in the methionine-treated rats was significantly higher compared with controls and significantly lower compared with the methionine-valsartan group at 28 and 56 days (p<0.001). In addition, left ventricular wall thickness (LVWT) in the methionine-valsartan group (4.36+0.11 mm) was significantly lower compared with the methionine group (5.0+0.23 mm, p=0.03). Furthermore, cardiac collagen to total protein ratio was significantly lower in the methionine-valsartan group (2.19+0.11%) compared with the methionine group (2.64+0.08%, p=0.026). Fractional shortening (FS) was not significantly different between groups.

Conclusion: Results from this study suggest that hyperhomocysteinemia-induced hypertension and ventricular hypertrophy in rats are mediated, at least partly; by Ang II activation of AT1-receptors.

About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetJRAAS - Journal of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System
PublisherData powered by TypesetSAGE Publications
Open AccessNo