The lipid-lowering activity of a series of novel N-(benzoylphenyl)-5- fluoro-1H-indole-2-carboxamide derivatives has been studied in Triton WR-1339-induced hyperlipidemia in rats. The test animals were divided into four groups: control, hyperlipidemic, compound + 4% DMSO [C1: N-(2-benzoylphenyl)-5- fluoro-1H-indole-2-carboxamide (1), C2: N-(3-benzoylphenyl)-5-fluoro-1H-indole- 2-carboxamide (2), C3: N-(4-benzoylphenyl)-5-fluoro-1H-indole-2-carboxamide (3)]-treated and bezafibrate (BF)-treated. At a dose of 15 mg/Kg body weight, compounds 2, 3 and BF significantly reduced elevated plasma triglycerodes levels after 12 h. Moreover, high density lipoproteincholesterol levels were significantly increased in all treated groups after 12 h compared to the hyperlipidemic control group, except for C1 which was inactive. In sum, it may be stated that the results of the present study demonstrated new properties of some N-(benzoylphenyl)-5-fluoro-1H-indole-2-carboxamide derivatives as potent lipid lowering agents and these beneficial activities may contribute to their cardioprotective and antiatherosclerotic role. © 2010 by the authors.