Header menu link for other important links
X
Spotlight on oral cancer in the United Arab Emirates: the presentation and treatment
Published in Elsevier
2017
Volume: 46
   
Abstract
Background: Oral cancer associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Worldwide, the estimated deaths are more than 700,000 over a period of five years. Objectives: To present the outcome of retrospective study designed to determine the prevalence of various malignant oral lesions in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and correlate cases of squamous cell carcinomas with age, gender, site, grade, clinical presentations at the time of diagnosis, and the prevalence of neck metastasis. Methods: The study was based on histopathology reports and hospital records from the major cancer treatment centres in the UAE. Findings and Conclusion: Of the 992 oral biopsies reported over years, 147 cases of cancer found, which accounted for 14.9% of the total oral biopsies. 15 types of malignant lesions were diagnosed. Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) accounted for 77% of all malignancies reported. The commonest presentation of cancer was ulceration (31.17%), followed by lumps and white lesions. The most common site where the lesions were diagnosed was the tongue (51.9%), followed by the cheeks and lips. Neck dissections performed in only 20.8% of all OSCC cases, of which 43.75% showed evidence of neck metastasis. In conclusion, oral cancer is not an uncommon disease in the UAE. This may mandate more awareness campaigns, including screening procedures for early detection of cancerous lesions and other potentially malignant oral diseases. Neck dissections to remove/detect lymph node metastasis should be more routinely performed, in particular for tongue carcinomas because of the early neck involvement potential.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier
ISSN0901-5027
Open AccessNo