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Socio-medical problem of the habituation of khat chewing in Jazan region in southern Saudi Arabia
R. Elsanosi, , H. Ageely, W. Milaat, M. El-Najjar, A. Makeen, U. Yagob
Published in
Volume: 63
Issue: 1
Pages: 122 - 133
Khat (pronounced "cot") is a natural stimulant from the Catha Edulis plant is cultivated in the Republic of Yemen and certain areas of East Africa. Its leaves are widely chewed especially among men, for their central nervous system-stimulating properties. This paper is aimed at assessing the prevalence and associated health risk factors and social problems of khat chewing among the students of colleges and secondary schools in Jazan region in Saudi Arabia using two survey implementation techniques including focus group interviews and a cross-sectional survey. Self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Result reveals that the overall prevalence of khat chewing in all the studied population was 21.4 % (colleges 15.2% versus schools 21.5%), and that of smoking was 13.6%. There were 3.8% female Khat chewers and 37.70 % male Khat chewers. Unlike female students, the prevalence of khat chewing seems to be high among male students even though they were aware of the associated health risks. Thus an intensified dose of awareness of adverse impacts of khat chewing should be implemented through mass media as well as teachers in schools and colleges, mass media and all other concerned people to enlighten the students about the health and social problems associated with khat chewing. © EuroJournals Publishing, Inc. 2011.
About the journal
JournalEuropean Journal of Scientific Research