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OSU-CG5, a novel energy restriction mimetic agent, targets human colorectal cancer cells in vitro
Published in Springer Science and Business Media LLC
2014
PMID: 24464048
Volume: 35
   
Issue: 3
Pages: 394 - 400
Abstract

Aim:

Energy-restriction mimetic agents (ERMAs) are small-molecule agents that target various aspects of energy metabolism, which has emerged as a promising approach in cancer therapy. In the current study, we tested the ability of OSU-CG5, a novel ERMA, to target human colorectal cancer (CRC) in vitro.

Methods:

Two human CRC cell lines (HCT-116 and Caco-2) were tested. Cell viability was assessed using MTT assay. Caspase-3/7 activities were measured using Caspase-Glo 3/7 assay kit. Western blot analysis was used to measure the expression of relevant proteins in the cells. Glucose consumption of the cells was detected using glucose uptake cell-based assay kit.

Results:

OSU-CG5 dose-dependently inhibited HCT-116 and Caco-2 cell proliferation with the IC50values of 3.9 and 4.6 μmol/L, respectively, which were 20–25-fold lower than those of resveratrol, a reference ERMA. Both OSU-CG5 (5, 10, and 20 μmol/L) and resveratrol (50, 100, and 200 μmol/L) dose-dependently increased caspase-3/7 activity and PARP level in the cells. Furthermore, both OSU-CG5 and resveratrol induced dose-dependent energy restriction in the cells: they suppressed glucose uptake and Akt phosphorylation, decreased the levels of p-mTOR and p-p70S6K, increased the levels of ER stress response proteins GRP78 and GADD153, and increased the level of β-TrCP, which led to the downregulation of cyclin D1 and Sp1.

Conclusion:

OSU-CG5 exhibits promising anti-cancer activity against human CRC cells in vitro, which was, at least in part, due to energy restriction and the consequent induction of ER stress and apoptosis.

About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetActa Pharmacologica Sinica
PublisherData powered by TypesetSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
ISSN1671-4083
Open AccessNo