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Oral Candidal carriage and associated risk indicators among adults in Sakaka, Saudi Arabia
S.F. Alrayyes, H.M. Alruwaili, I.A. Taher, K.M. Elrahawy, A.H. Almaeen, , M.K. Alam
Published in Springer
2019
PMID: 31117990
Volume: 19
   
Issue: 1
Abstract
Background: Candida is a ubiquitous organism in nature which inhabits the oral cavity as part of the normal microbial flora. The oral carriage of Candida is perpetuated by several predisposing factors. Methods: This cross-sectional study was designed to investigate the carriage rate of Candida among 104 voluntary adults at the college of medicine - Jouf University. The concentrated oral rinse technique using Sabouraud Dextrose agar medium supplemented with 0.05% Chloramphenicol was used to isolate Candida. The relative factors affecting the colonization of Candida and the concentration of each type were also determined. Results: Candida species were isolated from the oral cavity of 45 (43.4%) subjects. Of these 55.6% were identifies as C. albicans as determined by the Vitek 2 compact system. Other Candida species were represented by C. glabrata (11.1%), C. krusei (11.1%), C. dubliniensis (8.9%), C. parapsilosis (6.7%), C. tropicalis (4.4%), and C. famata (2.2%). Subjects with very poor plaque status, severe gingivitis and diabetes had significantly (P = 0.001) high concentration of Candida spp. Conclusion: Plague, severe gingivitis, and diabetes were found to be significantly associated with higher Candida colonization. © 2019 The Author(s).
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetBMC Oral Health
PublisherData powered by TypesetSpringer
ISSN14726831
Open AccessNo
Concepts (4)
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    Candida spp
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    Mouth rinses
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    Oral hygiene
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    Risk indicators