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Mortality of leptospirosis associated acute kidney injury (LAKI) & predictors for its development in adults: A systematic review

, Syed AS Sulaiman, Amer H Khan, Azreen S Adnan,
Published in Elsevier
2019
Volume: 12
   
Issue: 6
Pages: 751 - 759
Abstract

Leptospirosis is the most widely spread zoonosis and Leptospirosis Associated Acute Kidney Injury (LAKI) is common and fatal if not properly and swiftly treated. The aim of this review is to evaluate the mortality of LAKI and to identify the risk factors for its development. An electronic search was performed to identify the studies included LAKI patients series. Only studies which investigated mortality or risk factors for LAKI development in adults were included. Twenty-three studies with 24 patients series were included in the final analysis and included 1698 patients. The median series mortality was 10.05% (range 0–33.3%) with a total of 223 death. Only four studies identified the independent risk factors for LAKI development which were oliguria, jaundice, arrhythmia, crackles, elevated direct bilirubin level, elevated activated prothrombin time, hyperbilirubinemia and leukocytosis. Although the mortality of LAKI is high …

About the journal
JournalJournal of infection and public health
PublisherElsevier
Open AccessNo