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Individual differences in elevated plus-maze exploration predicted higher ethanol consumption and preference in outbred mice
Published in
PMID: 23402940
Volume: 105
Pages: 83 - 88
Psychiatric illnesses, such as anxiety, are highly comorbid with drug use disorders in general and alcohol abuse in particular. Unfortunately, the causal role of anxiety in ethanol addiction is still unclear. We asked the question whether high anxiety predicts predilection of mice to voluntarily consume more alcohol than water. In the current study, we used the voluntary alcohol intake in two bottle choice drinking paradigm to explore whether high anxiety predicts higher alcohol preference and intake in outbred Tuck-Ordinary "TO" mice. To this end, mice were tested for their anxiety-like behavior using the elevated plus maze, open field and the marble burying test prior to voluntary continuous access to increasing concentrations of alcohol solutions. To assess their taste discrimination, mice had access to saccharin and quinine solutions. Results showed that compared to low-anxious mice (LAM), high-anxious mice (HAM) showed greater consumption and preference for ethanol but not for saccharin and quinine suggesting alterations in the rewarding effects of alcohol. Taken together, these findings suggest a correlative link between trait anxiety and the behavioral responses to ethanol. \textcopyright 2013 Elsevier Inc.
About the journal
JournalPharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior
Open AccessNo