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Increased immunogenicity of oral poliovirus vaccine administered in mass vaccination campaigns compared with the routine vaccination program in Jordan
Reichler M.R., Kharabsheh S., Rhodes P., Otoum H., , Majid M.A., Pallatisch M.A., Patriarca P.A., Cochi S.L.
Published in Oxford University Press
1997
PMID: 9203717
Volume: 175
   
Issue: 2 SUPPL.
Pages: 198 - 204
Abstract
To compare the immunogenicity of routine versus mass campaign doses of oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV), serum neutralizing antibodies were measured in 254 children before and after two mass vaccination campaigns in Jordan. Precampaign seroprevalences to poliovirus types 1, 2, and 3 in children who had received three, four, or five routine doses of OPV were compared with postcampaign seroprevalences in children who had received one, two, or three routine doses plus two mass campaign doses. Seroprevalences were consistently higher in subgroups that received two doses through mass campaigns than in subgroups that received all doses through the routine program, especially for poliovirus type 3. Geometric mean titers were also consistently higher for mass campaign subgroups, particularly for poliovirus type 3. The findings suggest thai adding further doses of OPV to the routine schedule is unlikely to have as great an impact on the immune state of children as administering the same number of doses during mass campaigns.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetThe Journal of Infectious Diseases
PublisherData powered by TypesetOxford University Press
ISSN00221899
Open AccessNo