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Impact of Nakagami-m Fading Model on Multihop Mobile Ad Hoc Network

, Hasan Tanvir
Published in
Volume: 26
Issue: 2
Pages: 5 - 12

Several theoretical and experimental based models have been proposed to predict the fading envelope of the received signal in multipath condition. In this paper, we considered a model named Nakagami-m model. Nakagami-m can model a variety of fading environments, where it closely approximates the Nakagami-q (Hoyt) and the Nakagami-n (Rice) models, and has the Rayleigh and one sided Gaussian models as special cases. This model provides the best fit to land-mobile system like wireless mobile ad hoc Network (MANET). Under Nakagami-m fading model, received packet may not be clearly understood by the receiving node, which affects the routing protocol as well as the medium access control protocol of a network. The severity of Nakagami-m fading model on the network performance has been presented in this paper which is demonstrated via simulation results. Simulation results illustrate that the performance of a network may become unable to meet the expectation if Nakagami-m fading model is used in contrast to the simple two-ray model. A physical layer solution and a Medium Access Control (MAC) layer solution been proposed in this paper to overcome the effects of Nakagami-m fading model. Simulation results prove that these two solutions condense the Nakagami-m fading effect and improve network performance.

About the journal
JournalInternational Journal of Computer Applications
Open AccessNo