Ulcerative Colitis is a universal autoimmune disease with high incidence rates worldwide. It is characterized by the existence of many other concurrent immune-associated ailments, including diabetes. The used strategies for the management of this highly costing and complicated disease face great challenges. Therefore, the urge for new medication with fewer side effects and high efficacy is growing. The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ) and nuclear factor Kappa-B (NF-κB) can be considered as crucial targets for the treatment of ulcerative colitis. Several studies reported the antioxidants, anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptotic actions of gliclazide and evaluated its cardioprotective and renoprotective effects. However, its impact on ulcerative colitis has never been investigated. This study delineated the effect of gliclazide administration on ulcerative colitis induced by acetic acid in rats and the underlying molecular mechanisms. Gliclazide (10 mg/kg; p.o) prominently decreased colon tissue injury as assessed by the histopathological analysis as well as myeloperoxidase, and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 levels. Gliclazide significantly alleviated the proinflammatory mediator, IL-6, promoted the anti-inflammatory cytokine, IL-10 and, withheld oxidative stress in the injured colon tissues. The protective effect of gliclazide was mediated through the upregulation of PPARγ and downregulation of NF-κB expression. The diminution of ulcerative colitis was also accompanied by an inhibition of the elevated activity and expression of mitogen-activated protein kinases and caspase-3 as assessed by Western blot and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Our findings spotlight, for the first time, the potential of the antidiabetic agent, gliclazide, to attenuate the experimentally induced ulcerative colitis. Therefore, gliclazide might be a propitious agent for the management of ulcerative colitis in diabetic patients.