Immunoblot detection of antibody against 47 KD cytoplasmic antigen of Candida albicans was evaluated in diagnosis of invasive candidiasis and compared to whole cell agglutination and gel diffusion tests for detection of anticandidal antibody in 64 patients. The patients included 17 with culture proved candidemia, 34 with significant candiduria (more than 10,000 colony forming units per ml of urine) and 13 with nonsignificant candiduria. Antibody against 47 KD antigen was found to be the best indicator for diagnosis of invasive candidiasis even in patients with malignancy. The sensitivity of this procedure was 82.4%, specificity 86.7%, positive predictive value 77.8%, negative predictive value 89.7% and efficacy 85.1%. The gel diffusion procedure lacked in sensitivity whereas whole cell agglutination lacked in specificity. Detection of antibody against 47 KD antigen proved to be a valuable adjunct in the diagnosis of invasive candidiasis.
|Publisher||National Library of Medicine|