Evaluating awareness and screening of cervical cancer among women in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
Carcinoma of the cervix uteri is the third most common cancer among women worldwide. It can be preventable by detecting precancerous lesions and early invasive cancers by various screening tools. Screening can be possible if women are aware of the problem and if they have positive attitude towards it. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of screening for carcinoma of the cervix (Pap smear) among married women in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. A crosssectional questionnaire based study was conducted from December 2013 to February 2014 in five primary health care clinics in Sharjah. Demographic profile of women was noted and questions pertaining to KAP on screening for cervical cancer were asked. The study included 212 respondents, of which 29% of respondents knew about the disease, 74.5% had knowledge about the Pap smear test, while only 10% were aware of one or more of the risk factors. In addition, 2.73% of the participants had never been screened for cervical cancer. More than 70% of women had a positive attitude towards screening, however, 59.9% did not know that they can be vulnerable to cervical cancer. The awareness and practice of the screening procedure of cervical cancer (Pap smear) among married women in Sharjah, UAE was low. However, the attitude of women towards screening was positive. Therefore, there is a need for intensifying health education provision on cervical cancer screening in the city, by educating women on possible susceptibility to cervical cancer & the possibility to prevent it by early detection.
|Journal||IOSR Journal Of Pharmacy|