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Employing machine learning algorithms to detect unknown scanning and email worms
S. Abdulla, S. Ramadass, A. Altaher,
Published in Zarka Private Univ
2014
Volume: 11
   
Issue: 2
Pages: 140 - 148
Abstract
We present a worm detection system that leverages the reliability of IP-Flow and the effectiveness of learning machines. Typically, a host infected by a scanning or an email worm initiates a significant amount of traffic that does not rely on DNS to translate names into numeric IP addresses. Based on this fact, we capture and classify NetFlow records to extract feature patterns for each PC on the network within a certain period of time. A feature pattern includes: No of DNS requests, no of DNS responses, no of DNS normals, and no of DNS anomalies. Two learning machines are used, K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN) and Naive Bayes (NB), for the purpose of classification. Solid statistical tests, the cross-validation and paired t-test, are conducted to compare the individual performance between the KNN and NB algorithms. We used the classification accuracy, false alarm rates, and training time as metrics of performance to conclude which algorithm is superior to another. The data set used in training and testing the algorithms is created by using 18 real-life worm variants along with a big amount of benign flows.
About the journal
JournalInternational Arab Journal of Information Technology
PublisherZarka Private Univ
ISSN16833198
Open AccessNo
Concepts (6)
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    Email worms
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    Ip-flow
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    KNN
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    NB
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    Netflow
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    Scanning worms