The influence of taurine (in drinking water for 6 weeks) on PGI2 and TXA2 synthesis by some female rat organs was investigated using radioimmunoassay and platelet antiaggregatory bioassay. Taurine 100 and 200 mg/kg/day increased aortic PGI2 release from 0.59 ± 0.04 (control) to 0.85 ± 0.05 and 1.01 ± 0.06 ng/mg, respectively and that by the myometrium from 0.24 ± 0.02 (control) to 0.38 ± 0.01 and 0.50 ± 0.04 ng/mg wet tissue, respectively (P < 0.05, n = 6). It did not affect PGI2 and TXA2 production in the heart or TXA2 in the aorta. Taurine 200 mg/kg depressed uterine TXA2 synthesis from 148.6 ± 9.8 (control) to 85.4 ± 6.8 pg/mg (P < 0.05, n = 6). Furthermore taurine 0.4 and 0.8 mM in vitro stimulated PGI2 released by the myometrial and aortic tissues from pregnant rats. The stimulant effect of taurine on PGI2 may be related to its antioxidant effect whereas its inhibitory effect on uterine TXA2 may result from direction of synthesis towards PGI2. It is concluded that endogenous taurine may participate in regulation of PGs synthesis and that prostanoids may contribute to its known actions. On broad basis, taurine-induced release of PGI2 may prove of potential value in those ailments characterised by deficiency in PGI2 release. © 1987.