In this paper, the performance of uncoded uplink transmissions in a broadband code division multiple access (CDMA) system using tapped delay line (TDL) antenna array under multipath conditions is investigated. An expression for broadband CDMA system is derived to calculate the optimal weights of TDL antenna array. Using the derived broadband expression, the performance of TDL antenna array is investigated and compared with that of the already existing narrowband systems. Simulation results show that TDL antenna array can reduce multipath fading and multiple access interference (MAI). It is shown that if the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) level is maintained at 20 dB and two-ray channel model is used, two antennas with four taps each can support 30 users with a BER of 10 -3. If three-ray channel model is used, the same antenna arrangement is not enough to support 30 users. To support these 30 users with BER of 10 -3, the number of taps needs to be increased to eight. Finally, the number of taps needs to be further increased to 16 if four-ray channel model is used. Not only that, the SNR should also be increased to 25 dB to achieve the same BER. Copyright \textcopyright 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.