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Doxorubicin-induced neurotoxicity is associated with acute alterations in synaptic plasticity, apoptosis, and lipid peroxidation
A.H. Alhowail, J. Bloemer, M. Majrashi, P.D. Pinky, S. Bhattacharya, Z. Yongli, D. Bhattacharya, M. Eggert, L. Woodie, M. BuabeidShow More
Published in Taylor and Francis
2019
PMID: 31010378
Volume: 29
   
Issue: 6
Pages: 457 - 466
Abstract
Cognitive deficits are commonly reported by patients following treatment with chemotherapeutic agents. Anthracycline-containing chemotherapy regimens are associated with cognitive impairment and reductions in neuronal connectivity in cancer survivors, and doxorubicin (Dox) is a commonly used anthracycline. Although it has been reported that Dox distribution to the central nervous system (CNS) is limited, considerable Dox concentrations are observed in the brain with co-administration of certain medications. Additionally, pro-inflammatory cytokines, which are overproduced in cancer or in response to chemotherapy, can reduce the integrity of the blood–brain barrier (BBB). Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the acute neurotoxic effects of Dox on hippocampal neurons. In this study, we utilized a hippocampal cell line (H19-7/IGF-IR) along with rodent hippocampal slices to evaluate the acute neurotoxic effects of Dox. Hippocampal slices were used to measure long-term potentiation (LTP), and expression of proteins was determined by immunoblotting. Cellular assays for mitochondrial complex activity and lipid peroxidation were also utilized. We observed reduction in LTP in hippocampal slices with Dox. In addition, lipid peroxidation was increased as measured by thiobarbituric acid reactive substances content indicating oxidative stress. Caspase-3 expression was increased indicating an increased propensity for cell death. Finally, the phosphorylation of signaling molecules which modulate LTP including extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, and Akt were increased. This data indicates that acute Dox exposure dose-dependently impairs synaptic processes associated with hippocampal neurotransmission, induces apoptosis, and increases lipid peroxidation leading to neurotoxicity. © 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetToxicology Mechanisms and Methods
PublisherData powered by TypesetTaylor and Francis
ISSN15376516
Open AccessNo
Concepts (5)
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    Chemobrain
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    Doxorubicin
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    Neurotoxicity
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    Chemotherapy
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    Synaptic plasticity