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Differential Expression of Folate Receptor-Alpha, Sodium-Dependent Multivitamin Transporter, and Amino Acid Transporter (B(0, +)) in Human Retinoblastoma (Y-79) and Retinal Pigment Epithelial (ARPE-19) Cell Lines
Jwala Jwala, Krishna Vadlapatla Ramya, Dutt Vadlapudi Aswani, , Pal Dhananjay, K. Mitra Ashim
Published in Mary Ann Liebert Inc
2012
PMID: 22304562
Volume: 28
   
Issue: 3
Pages: 237 - 244
Abstract

Purpose: The overall objective of this study was to investigate the differential expression of folate receptor-alpha (FR-α), sodium-dependent multivitamin transporter (SMVT), and amino acid transporter [B ((0, +))] in retinoblastoma (Y-79) and retinal pigment epithelial (ARPE-19) cells.

Methods: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis was performed to confirm the existence of FR-α, SMVT, and B ((0, +)) in Y-79 and ARPE-19 cell lines. Quantitative real-time PCR was also performed to determine the relative expression of FR-α, SMVT, and B ((0, +)) at mRNA level in these cell lines. Quantitative uptake of [(3)H] Folic acid, [(3)H] Biotin, and [(14)C] Arginine was studied in Y-79 and ARPE-19 cells. Further, saturation kinetics of [(3)H] Folic acid, [(3)H] Biotin, and [(14)C] Arginine was performed in the presence of various concentrations of respective cold substrates to determine the kinetic parameters (K(m) and V(max)) in Y-79 and ARPE-19 cells.

Results: PCR analysis had confirmed the existence of FR-α, SMVT, and B ((0, +)) in Y-79 and ARPE-19 cells. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis had shown significantly higher expression of FR-α, SMVT, and B ((0, +)) mRNA levels in Y-79 cells compared with ARPE-19 cells. Quantitative uptake of [(3)H] Folic acid, [(3)H] Biotin, and [(14)C] Arginine was found to be significantly higher in Y-79 cells relative to ARPE-19 cells. [(3)H] Folic acid uptake process followed saturation kinetics with apparent K(m) of 8.29 nM and V(max) of 393.47 fmol/min/mg protein in Y-79 cells and K(m) of 80.55 nM and V(max) of 491.86 fmol/min/mg protein in ARPE-19 cells. [(3)H] Biotin uptake process also displayed saturation kinetics with K(m) of 8.53 μM and V(max) of 14.12 pmol/min/mg protein in Y-79 cells and K(m) of 138.25 μM and V(max) of 38.85 pmol/min/mg protein in ARPE-19 cells. [(14)C] Arginine uptake process followed saturation kinetics with K(m) of 16.77 μM and V(max) of 348.27 pmol/min/mg protein in Y-79 cells and K(m) of 52.03 μM and V(max) of 379.21 pmol/min/mg protein in ARPE-19 cells.

Conclusions: This work demonstrated for the first time the higher expression and affinity of FR-α, SMVT, and B ((0, +)) mRNA levels in retinoblastoma (Y-79) cells compared with retinal pigment epithelial (ARPE-19) cells.

About the journal
JournalJ Ocul Pharmacol Ther .
PublisherMary Ann Liebert Inc
ISSN10807683
Open AccessNo