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BDNF signaling in the VTA links the drug-dependent state to drug withdrawal aversions
Vargas-Perez Hector, , Rose Bufalino Mary, Ting-A-Kee Ryan, Maal-Bared Geith, Lam Jenny, Fahmy Ahmed, Clarke Laura, K. Blanchard Jennifer, R. Larsen BrettShow More
Published in Society for Neuroscience
2014
PMID: 24899712
Volume: 34
   
Issue: 23
Pages: 7899 - 7909
Abstract
Drug administration to avoid unpleasant drug withdrawal symptoms has been hypothesized to be a crucial factor that leads to compulsive drug-taking behavior. However, the neural relationship between the aversive motivational state produced by drug withdrawal and the development of the drug-dependent state still remains elusive. It has been observed that chronic exposure to drugs of abuse increases brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in ventral tegmental area (VTA) neurons. In particular, BDNF expression is dramatically increased during drug withdrawal, which would suggest a direct connection between the aversive state of withdrawal and BDNF-induced neuronal plasticity. Using lentivirus-mediated gene transfer to locally knock down the expression of the BDNF receptor tropomyosin-receptor-kinase type B in rats and mice, we observed that chronic opiate administration activates BDNF-related neuronal plasticity in the VTA that is necessary for both the establishment of an opiate-dependent state and aversive withdrawal motivation. Our findings highlight the importance of a bivalent, plastic mechanism that drives the negative reinforcement underlying addiction. \textcopyright 2014 the authors.
About the journal
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
PublisherSociety for Neuroscience
ISSN15292401
Open AccessNo