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Assessment of kidney function and associated risk factors among type 2 diabetic patients
Published in Elsevier Ltd
2019
PMID: 31405691
Volume: 13
   
Issue: 4
Pages: 2661 - 2665
Abstract
Aim: diabetic patients are required for continuous monitoring programs hence continuous assessment of kidney function parameters is crucial. So, we aimed to determine the prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and abnormal renal parameters, with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus pateints Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out at private health care centre. A total of 300 diabetic patients aged 18 years and above attended the clinic from February 2018 to Dec 2018 were included. Socio-demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were obtained from the medical records of patients. Statistical analysis was carried out using (SPSS, version 23). Results: out of the 300 diabetes patients recruited 42% of patients with type 2 diabetes had abnormal Creatinine Serum levels and 22.3% had abnormal glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Abnormal albumin urine levels were found in 28.3% and 11.3% had abnormal creatinine in urine. Abnormal Albumin: Creatinine Ratios (Alb/Cr), were found in 23%. Of the total, 77% (n = 231) had normal Alb: Cr Ratio, 20% had risk of nephropathy and 9% had nephropathy. Conclusion: Current study revealed a high prevalence of abnormal renal parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes Mellitus. This necessitates the need for early and universal screening of renal functions. There is also an urgent demand for measures that target tight glycaemic, Vitamin D level and life style modifications is also required to all diabetic patients to achieve target value of HbA1C ≤ 7. © 2019
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetDiabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier Ltd
ISSN18714021
Open AccessNo
Concepts (5)
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    Albuminuria
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    Diabetes mellitus
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    Glycaemic control
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    Kidney function
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    Nephropathy