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Artifacts In Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Computed Tomography Caused By Dental Materials

Thomas Klinke, Amro Daboul, Juliane Maron, Tomasz Gredes, Ralf Puls, , Reiner Biffar
Published in PLOS
2012
PMID: 22384071
Volume: 7
   
Issue: 2
Pages: 1 - 6
Abstract

Background

Artifacts caused by dental restorations, such as dental crowns, dental fillings and orthodontic appliances, are a common problem in MRI and CT scans of the head and neck. The aim of this in-vitro study was to identify and evaluate the artifacts produced by different dental restoration materials in CT and MRI images.

Methods

Test samples of 44 materials (Metal and Non-Metal) commonly used in dental restorations were fabricated and embedded with reference specimens in gelatin moulds. MRI imaging of 1.5T and CT scan were performed on the samples and evaluated in two dimensions. Artifact size and distortions were measured using a digital image analysis software.

Results

In MRI, 13 out of 44 materials produced artifacts, while in CT 41 out of 44 materials showed artifacts. Artifacts produced in both MRI and CT images were categorized according to the size of the artifact.

Significance

Metal based restoration materials had strong influence on CT and less artifacts in MRI images. Rare earth elements such as Ytterbium trifluoride found in composites caused artifacts in both MRI and CT. Recognizing these findings would help dental materials manufacturers and developers to produce materials which can cause less artifacts in MRI and CT images.

About the journal
JournalPLOS ONE
PublisherPLOS
ISSN19326203
Open AccessNo