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A new technique of differential relaying: The Δ-differential relay
McCleer P.J.,
Published in IEEE
1982
Volume: PAS-101
   
Issue: 10
Pages: 4164 - 4170
Abstract
Standard percentage differential relaying with through current restraint is insensitive to high impedance (i.e. low fault current) faults when applied to apparatus which experience substantial, near 1.0 pu, prefault through currents. A new technique of differential protection is proposed which considers only fault contribution currents through the use of microcomputer cancellation of the prefault through currents. This new form of differential relaying maintains the external fault selectivity of standard percentage differential relaying, has a large buffer zone between the tripping and restraint zones of relay operation, and is substantially more sensitive to high impedance faults than the standard arrangement. This paper presents the theory for this relay, a simplified analysis of the effects of CT errors on the relay operation, and the experimental results for a real time laboratory version of the relay using a 16-bit single-board microcomputer. Copyright © 1982 by The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetIEEE Power Engineering Review
PublisherData powered by TypesetIEEE
ISSN00189510
Open AccessNo