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A clinical investigation of dental evacuation systems in reducing aerosols
M.S. Suprono, J. Won, R. Savignano, Z. Zhong, , G. Roque-Torres, W. Zhang, U. Oyoyo, P. Richardson, J. CarusoShow More
Published in American Dental Association
2021
PMID: 34044977
Volume: 152
   
Issue: 6
Pages: 455 - 462
Abstract
Background: The route of transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 has challenged dentistry to improve the safety for patients and the dental team during various treatment procedures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of dental evacuation systems in reducing aerosols during oral prophylactic procedures in a large clinical setting. Methods: This was a single-center, controlled clinical trial using a split-mouth design. A total of 93 student participants were recruited according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Aerosol samples were collected on blood agar plates that were placed around the clinic at 4 treatment periods: baseline, high-volume evacuation (HVE), combination (HVE and intraoral suction device), and posttreatment. Student operators were randomized to perform oral prophylaxis using ultrasonic scalers on 1 side of the mouth, using only HVE suction for the HVE treatment period and then with the addition of an intraoral suction device for the combination treatment period. Agar plates were collected after each period and incubated at 37 °C for 48 hours. Colony-forming unit (CFU) counts were determined using an automatic colony counter. Results: The use of a combination of devices resulted in significant reductions in CFUs compared with the use of the intraoral suction device alone (P <.001). The highest amounts of CFUs were found in the operating zone and on patients during both HVE and combination treatment periods. Conclusions: Within limitations of this study, the authors found significant reductions in the amount of microbial aerosols when both HVE and an intraoral suction device were used. Practical Implications: The combination of HVE and intraoral suction devices significantly decreases microbial aerosols during oral prophylaxis procedures. © 2021 American Dental Association
About the journal
JournalJournal of the American Dental Association
PublisherAmerican Dental Association
ISSN00028177